I’ve held off on doing a post on podcasting because every school, district or organization I help get started have things in place that make them unique. For example, I typically recommend using a blog to run your podcast through, but many places do not have or even allow the use of blogs. Others may want to use their own server for podcasting while some organizations do not provide access to their servers by anyone except IT staff. Having said this, I’ll use this post to provide the basic information you will need to create your own podcast. You may email or leave a comment if you have additional questions.
The first thing I recommend is to give my previous post on “Podcasting and Podcatcher Options” a read. It talks specifically about what a podcast is and how you subscribe to one. This is important because I find that most people interested in creating their own podcast would be just as well off finding podcasts that are already out there. There is no use in re-creating the wheel when many high quality podcasts are already available for you to download and use with your students for free.
Keeping the above in mind, here’s my 4 step process to creating your own podcast:
- Record your audio. Most podcasts are audio podcasts unless defined otherwise. To record audio, I recommend downloading the free application Audacity. It is simple to use and works great for podcasting. One thing to note is that by default Audacity does not save audio files as MP3 files (the format needed for podcasting audio). To remedy this, you must download the LAME MP3 encoder. You can find this on the Audacity download page. Once downloaded, upzip the file and copy the folder onto your computer in a location that you will not delete or move (your C drive, my documents, etc…). The first time you use Audacity and export your audio to an mp3 file it will ask you if you would like to locate the encoder. Just select yes, and browse to the folder. You will only have to do this the first time. Audacity will remember the location for future exports. Although Audacity works with both PC and Mac, most new Macs come with Garage Band, which has all sorts of additional bells and whistles for creating audio podcasts.
- Store your audio file. This is where the unique part comes in. Once you have created your audio file, you will need to store it in a place that is accessible via the web. For example, my organization has a website at www.cksec.org. If had an audio file named audio.mp3, and uploaded it to our server, you could access it by going to www.cksec.org/audio.mp3 (this is just an example, it will not work if you try to access this link). Once there, you would either download the file or listen to it straight off the site. This is important because if your file is not accessible through the web, no one except you can access it. So where will you store your file? Several options exist… For example, you may be able to store it on your organization’s server. There are also several hosting services, like switchpod.com, that will host your files for you (usually for a fee). You may also use a blog to store your files. Blogs typically come with a predefined amount of storage space for videos, images, etc… that you want to share. I use Edublogs.org and it gives me 100MB of storage for free. This should be sufficient for several short audio files. If you plan to produce large files (like video or long audio segments) you will want to upgrade your storage limit or only keep them up for a specified amount of time and remove them afterward to save space.
- Syndicate your files. Syndicating your file simply means making it available for subscription. I explained in fairly good detail why you want to be able to subscribe to your files in my podcasting and podcatcher options post mentioned earlier. In short, a podcast is not a podcast if you can’t subscribe to it. It would only be an audio file on a website. Syndicating your files is the primary reason I recommend using a blog to run your podcasts through. Since blogs are already syndicated, simply including a link to your file in a blog post should suffice. If you are not using a blog, you will want to use a service such as RapidFeeds.com to create RSS feeds for your files so users can subscribe. Other services, like feedburner also help with syndicating feeds, tracking your subscribers and more.
- Subscribe to your podcast. Most information you need here is also available in the podcasting and podcatcher options post. You need a podcatcher, such as iTunes, to subscribe to podcasts after they are syndicated. Once you have your feed from step 3, simply go to Advanced – Subscribe to Podcast in iTunes and enter it in. Then iTunes will automatically download your most up to date podcasts each time you open it. If you use a blogging service, like Edublogs, this feed can be found by clicking the subscribe to posts button. After clicking, copy the link from the new web page that is displayed and paste it into the subscribe to podcast box in iTunes.
Hopefully this post will be enough to get you started with podcasting. If you are interesting in video podcasting, know that is very similar to audio podcasting excpet you will be recording video instead of audio in step 1. I’ll go over some things to think about when recording video in a separate post.